Farmers Protest 2.0: As part of the ‘Delhi Chalo’ demonstration, farmers from Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh are making their way to Delhi and calling for legislative assurances about the minimum support price (MSP).
Farmers Protest 2.0, dubbed “Delhi Chalo,” is currently underway. Following fruitless negotiations with Union ministers on Monday, farmers from Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh—along with more than 200 unions—are marching towards Delhi today, over two years later. Leaders of the farming community stated that the legal assurances pertaining to the minimum support price (MSP) remain unclear.
Farmers’ 2020 protests at Delhi’s borders against three laws resulted in their removal in 2021. The farmers’ produce trade and commerce (promotion and facilitation) act, the farmers’ empowerment and protection agreement of price assurance and farm services act, and the essential commodities (amendment) act were these three laws.
The commencement time of the Delhi Chalo march is set at 10:00 a.m. To stop a recurrence of the 2020–21 protests, the Haryana government has erected fencing around the state.
Farmer’s Protest 2.0 vs the 2020 Agitation: 1) In 2020, farmers staged protests against three farm rules that the federal government abolished a year later in 2021. Presently, the Delhi Chalo protest is being held to call for the following: the application of the Swaminathan Commission’s formula, the removal of cases against farmers during the 2020 protest, and a legal guarantee of MSP for all crops.
2) Different unions are leading the Delhi Chalo demonstration since the landscape of farmers’ unions has changed over time, whereas Bhartiya Kisan Union and Samyukt Kisan Morcha led the 2020 protest. The farmers’ protest 2.0 has been announced by the Kisan Mazdoor Morcha and the Samyukt Kisan Morcha (Non-Political).
3) In 2020, two well-known leaders of the farmers’ protest were Gurnam Singh Charuni and Rakesh Tikait. But at the vanguard of Delhi Chalo 2.0 are Sarwan Singh Pandher, general secretary of Sarwan Singh Pandher, and Jagjit Singh Dallewal, leader of SKM (non-political).
4) During the 2020 agitation, the farmers demanded that all proceedings against them be withdrawn, and the Indian government granted their wish. But there was no official assurance of MSP. This time, the negotiations have already begun by the Centre before to today’s Delhi Chalo start. February 8 was the first meeting of the Union ministers with the farmer leaders, and February 12 marked the second.
5) In 2020, farmers were granted access to the nation’s capital; however, this time, the administration has enforced strict precautionary measures. All entry to Delhi is restricted; there are barbed wire, cement barricades, and nails on the highways. Section 144 is now in effect in Delhi. The government of Haryana sealed off its boundaries with Punjab.
Farmers’ Protest 2.0: Traffic movement affected at Delhi-Gurugram border
Farmers from more than 200 organisations, according to the leaders, will participate in the Delhi Chalo March and gather in the nation’s capital. Although they have stated that the farmers are from all across India, indications indicate that over 90% of them are believed to be from Delhi and Haryana.
The governments of Delhi and Haryana are putting complex plans in place to regulate the flow of farmer protests. There are several locations where Section 144 is enforced, such as the border with Delhi, and the police have threatened to take severe legal action against farmer associations who try to enter the capital.
In order to be ready for any unforeseen event, the police have put up sturdy fences and barricades in a number of locations and are even testing their tear gas canisters.
The Delhi Police has issued restrictions that forbid gatherings of people, roadblocking, procession agitation of any kind, rallies, and public meetings by the agitators.
According to the order, it is forbidden to carry explosives, corrosive materials, fire arms, deadly weapons, or any other item that could be used as a weapon of offence or defence in any public area within Delhi’s borders.
Brickbats, rocks, acids, and other hazardous liquids, as well as petrol, soda water bottles, and other items that could endanger people’s lives or property, will not be allowed to be collected or carried.
Concurrently, the Haryana government has enforced limitations in up to fifteen districts pursuant to Section 144 of the CrPC, which forbids gatherings of five or more individuals and forbids any type of protest or march utilising tractor-trolleys.
In seven districts—Ambala, Kurukshetra, Kaithal, Jind, Hisar, Fatehabad, and Sirsa—the Haryana government has halted bulk SMS and mobile internet services from February 11 to 13.