The Indian Constitution, which is the cornerstone of democracy, contains essential information for students. These include the historical background, comprehensive nature, role of the constituent assembly, separation of powers, fundamental rights and duties, amendment procedure, federalism, role of the judiciary, directive principles, and the guiding preamble, which together form a roadmap for responsible citizenship and civic engagement.
1. A new chapter in India’s history began on the day the constitution was enacted in 1949 and went into effect on January 26, 1950. November 26, 2015, was India’s first Constitution Day celebration.
2. “There were men and women in the Constituent Assembly with unmatched vision. Speaking at today’s Constitution Day festivities at Vigyan Bhavan in New Delhi, President of India Ram Nath Kovind stated, “They sought to draft a Constitution that was defined by a noble and expansive philosophy – rather than being a rigid document.”
3. On Samvidhan Divas, also known as Constitution Day, universities are requested by the University Grants Commission (UGC) to read the Preamble to the Constitution during the morning assembly. On the occasion of Constitution Day, UGC has also requested that educational institutions read aloud the fundamental obligations and host a talk on their significance.
4. This is the Indian Constitution’s Preamble:
Following India’s historic choice to become an SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to assure all of its citizens:
We, the Constituent Assembly, do hereby adopt, enact, and give to ourselves this Constitution on this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949. In addition to promoting brotherhood among them all in order to ensure the dignity of the person as well as the unity and integrity of the nation, these values include social, economic, and political justice as well as LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith, and worship.
5. The Prime Minister tweeted today, “On Constitution Day, we salute the great women and men who gave India a Constitution we are proud of.”
6. The Indian Constitution affirms the people’s sovereignty. India’s democracy was maintained by the Constitution, a special document.
7. The Constituent assembly convened on November 26, 1949, and celebrated the adoption of the Constitution with extended, loud cheers and desk thumping.
8. “Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Leader of the Constituent Gathering, in his discourse prior to putting the movement to pass the Constitution, paid recognitions for Mahatma Gandhi and said that I will just expectation that every one of those whose favorable luck it could be to work this Constitution in future, will rember that it was a remarkable triumph which we accomplished by extraordinary technique showed by the Dad of the Country, and it is upto us to safeguard and safeguard the Autonomy that we have won and to make it truly prove to be fruitful for the man in the road,” composed Sailen Chatterjee, a writer and political dissident
9. Mr. Chatterjee claims that Purnima Banerjee, a seasoned freedom fighter and the sister of the late Aruna Asaf Ali, sang the national anthem, “Jana-gana-mana adhinayaka Jai Hey, Bharat Bhagya Vidhata,” to mark the conclusion of the historic Constituent Assembly session following the adoption of the Constitution.
10. Later, on January 24, 1950, at a special session, the Constituent assembly elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the first President of the Indian Republic in accordance with the Constitution.